Wrinkles are creases, lines, or wrinkles that appear on the skin. This condition is a major sign of the aging process. However, wrinkles can also be caused by sleeping position habits or weight loss.
Wrinkles generally look most prominent on the skin that is often exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, back of the hand, and shoulders. In addition to the number and depth of wrinkles that appear, there are other symptoms that accompany this condition such as changes in skin color, and thinning or sagging skin.
Causes and Risk Factors for Wrinkles
Many things can cause wrinkles. Some of these include:
- Age. The aging process is the main factor causing the appearance of wrinkles because the elasticity of our skin will decrease with age.
- Exposure to sunlight and ultraviolet for years. Sunlight and ultraviolet can damage the connective tissue under the skin.
- Heredity. There are people who are more prone to wrinkles than others.
- Smoking can accelerate the skin aging process which is believed to be caused by disruption of blood flow in the face.
- Weight loss. People who have more fat under the skin will experience fewer wrinkles.
Method of Treatment for Wrinkles
Your doctor will assist you in determining skin care and appropriate medical treatment. Handling of wrinkles generally consists of certain medications and medical procedures. The recommended medicines are usually in the form of topical, for example cream or gel. Some types of topical medications that might be recommended are:
- Retinoids. Retinoids are derivatives of vitamin A which are known to be most effective in handling skin aging and fine lines on the skin. Creams that contain tretinoin must be used regularly. Side effects such as skin redness and flaking will usually decrease by reducing the content of tretinoin in the cream or reducing the frequency of use until the patient's skin can adapt. During the use of this drug, the patient must avoid direct sunlight.
- Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA). This drug is commonly known as fruit acid because it comes from fruits such as apples, grapes, oranges, sugar cane, etc. In general this product works by moisturizing and removing dead skin cells. Products that contain AHA are often used because only a small risk causes mild irritation.
- Antioxidants, such as products containing vitamin A, C, and E and betakarotin are believed to reduce wrinkles but still require further research
- Ordinary moisturizer. The effectiveness of this product is generally only for the short term and only makes wrinkles camouflaged.
While the medical procedure that can be carried out by the patient aims to smooth the skin that has wrinkles and must be carried out under the supervision of a doctor. These medical procedures include:
- Exfoliation with chemicals. Examples of chemicals commonly used are glycolic acid, salicylic acid, trichloroacetic acid.
- Microdermabrasion, which is eroding one layer of skin using silica or aluminum crystals. This procedure requires several processes until results can be achieved.
- Dermabrasion to scrape several layers of skin using special tools. This procedure has permanent side effects and skin discoloration. Therefore, do it in a clinic or hospital that is guaranteed.
- Laser light handling. This procedure can be done on all skin surfaces or wrinkles only. The laser beam will destroy the epidermis (the outermost layer of the skin), heat the dermis layer (the layer below the epidermis), and stimulate the growth of new collagen. It is hoped that later a smoother and tighter skin will appear
- Use of radio waves and infrared rays. Radio waves and infrared light will heat the tissue and stimulate the growth of new collagen. Generally, this procedure is performed to treat fine wrinkles.
- Plastic surgery, for example tightening facial skin through a facelift process. In this procedure, some of the skin and fat will be removed from the face and the skin is sewn again into the muscles and connective tissue.
- Botox injections. These injections are usually used to smooth the wrinkles on the forehead or around the eyes. How it works by paralyzing the muscles around the face so that the skin is not interested and looks smoother. This process must be repeated so that skin smoothness is maintained.
- Injecting tissue fillers, for example by injecting fat or collagen in severe wrinkles or wrinkles. The effectiveness of this procedure will only last for a few months, so it must be repeated.
Wrinkle Prevention Steps
The main step in preventing wrinkles is to minimize sun exposure and not smoke. The simple steps we can take to limit sun exposure are:
- Using sunscreen, at least that contains SPF 50.
- Wearing closed clothes so that your skin is not easily sunburned.