There are several types of eye pain medications that you should know, including artificial tears (artificial tears) to wet dry eyes, antihistamines, antibiotics, corticosteroids, and medications for the treatment of glaucoma.
Eye drops are used to treat complaints and diseases of the eye which often cause disruption in daily activities. If you have a complaint, the eye pain medication that is used depends very much on the underlying cause.
Eye Problems and Treatment
Eye pain may be caused by an eye problem. In addition, problems or conditions in other body areas can also cause pain that your eyes feel.
Pain in the eye can be an important symptom of health problems in you. The eyes can feel tired due to daily use. Contact lenses or glasses also contribute to the eye pain you feel.
Many things are the cause of eye pain or around your eye area. Usually, you can use eye pain medication that is sold freely on the market. However, if the pain is severe or causes you to lose sight function, you should get medical attention immediately.
Some eye problems and eye pain medications that are important for you to know, including:
- Dry eyesThis complaint can be caused by several things, namely: a decrease in the amount of tear production, tears that evaporate too quickly or if there are comorbidities that underlie the onset of dry eye symptoms. Sometimes certain drugs can also cause dry eyes. To overcome this problem, a suitable eye pain medication is artificial tears (artificial tears). These eye drops serve as lubricants to wet dry eyes so that the eyes are always wet and reduce the feeling of discomfort. These eye drops can be found at the pharmacy and can be sold freely without a special prescription from the doctor. In addition to the preparation of drops, artificial tears are also found in gel form. Warm compresses on the eyes for 10 minutes can also stimulate the formation of lubricants in the eye to relieve dry eye symptoms. But to get the best effect you should consult a doctor or eye specialist to get the appropriate treatment. If these artificial tear-type eye drops do not have the expected effect, your doctor may prescribe drops such as cyclosporine to stimulate the production of tears or liftegrast to reduce inflammation in the eye. In addition, you can also use corticosteroid drops. And you can also use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drops (NSAIDs) to treat dry eyes. The use of corticosteroid eye drops and other special medicines needs to be consulted with a doctor or ophthalmologist first.
- Red eyeRed eyes are usually temporary and recover quickly. Some causes of red eye are conjunctivitis (pink eye) which can be caused by viral, bacterial, or allergic infections, and blepharitis. Appropriate red eye pain medication depends on the specific cause. To relieve red eye symptoms due to viral infection a simple way with cold eye compresses or cold artificial tears can usually resolve symptoms within 1-2 weeks. Anti-eye drops or oral antiviral treatment should be given to herpes infection in the eye, symptoms of pain in one side of the eye, visual disturbances, glare in the affected eye and a fluid filled fluid on the affected eyelid. This disease needs to be treated by an eye specialist. In the case of red eye due to a bacterial infection the doctor can prescribe antibiotic drops, ointment for the eye or even oral antibiotics if there are red eye symptoms caused by a bacterial infection, the symptoms are usually in the form of red eyes with pus (puncture) and usually there is pain or itching. Red eyes with itching caused by allergies can be treated by avoiding precipitating factors (such as dust), cold eye compresses, or eye drops. Keep in mind you need to consult an ophthalmologist immediately if red eye symptoms are accompanied by severe and persistent eye pain, visual impairment, history of trauma / head injury, history of chemical exposure or if symptoms do not improve after treatment.
- GlaucomaGlaucoma is the damage to the optic nerve that connects the eye to the brain. This can cause blindness if it is not detected and treated early. The symptoms caused are red eyes, severe headaches, nausea, and blurred vision. Eye pain medication for glaucoma usually with carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitors such as acetazolamide or diuretics which function to reduce the pressure in your eyeball, laser treatment and surgical procedures to open up the fluid absorption channel in the blocked eyeball to reduce pressure and improve fluid absorption system in your eyes. Glaucoma is a serious condition and needs immediate treatment from an eye specialist to prevent permanent blindness.
- Eyes tense or tiredThe term tense or tired eye describes a group of symptoms that occur after excessive use of the eye. Although eye strain can be uncomfortable, it does not cause eye damage. Excessive use of computers or inadequate lighting can cause eye strain. Symptoms include headaches, blurred vision, a feeling of dryness in the eyes, and other sensations of discomfort. To deal with tense or tired eyes, eye pain medication that you can use is taking a break to reduce fatigue in the eye muscles and if it does not improve you can use eye drops. In addition, you can compress your eyes with a cloth that has been soaked in warm water.
- Foreign objects in the eyeForeign objects in the eye are things that enter the eye from outside the body. This can be anything, from dust particles to metal fragments. Foreign objects that enter your eye, will most likely affect the cornea of the eye or conjunctiva. The reason is that foreign objects that enter the eye rarely enter the back of your eyeball. However, these foreign objects can cause scratches on the cornea so that the eye is at risk of being infected and experiencing visual disturbances. The symptoms arising from foreign objects are a feeling of discomfort in the eyes, eye pain, red eyes, pain when seeing light, and excessive blinking. Some of the most common foreign objects in the eye are eyelashes, dry mucus, sawdust, dirt, sand, cosmetics, contact lenses, metal particles, chemicals, and broken glass. Dirt usually enters the eye because it is carried by the wind, while sharp materials such as metal / glass can enter the eye due to an explosion or accident with a tool such as a hammer or grass cutter. Keep in mind, that foreign objects that enter the eye at high speed are at high risk of causing serious injury to your eyes. Some things you can do when experiencing this problem, namely washing your hands with soap and water; try to flush objects / foreign objects in the eye using warm water; if you use contact lenses, you should first remove the lens or when you irrigate the surface of the eye with water. Sometimes foreign objects can be under contact lenses. This problem is very dangerous to your vision. Usually, things that often occur are caused by contact lenses. If you often use contact lenses, you should know the information related to the use of good and correct contact lenses to avoid these problems, do not use contact lenses that are cracked or damaged; when cleaning, rub the contact lens with your fingers, then rinse the lens with the solution before soaking it. If you experience eye problems like this, you really need medical help. Do not try to remove the foreign object itself. In addition, you are prohibited from pressing or rubbing the eyes, and it is not recommended to use tweezers or cotton swabs on the surface of the eye.
The use of corticosteroid eye drops needs to be adjusted with the advice and dosage recommended by the doctor. Not all diseases of the eye need to use this drug, except in diseases that can cause structural damage to the eye. Eye drops should be in accordance with the instructions on the label or as recommended by the doctor. Keep eye drops in a clean place Do not let the eye drops bottle open too long after use to prevent contamination with dust. And no less important, whatever the eye complaints try to avoid rubbing the eyes to prevent infection and continuing irritation.
Eye pain cannot be considered trivial, because even simple activities will be disrupted if you have problems with the eyes. You can also use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen to help reduce swelling, pain, and fever. However, eye pain medication must remain based on the doctor's advice. If your eye problems don't improve, immediately consult an ophthalmologist to get the right treatment.