Of all, tumors in the nasopharynx are the most common, with an incidence of 4.7 per 100,000 people. Furthermore, the nasal and sinus area tumors were ranked second. Then the young nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, a typical benign head and neck tumor because it appears at a young age.
Tumor sufferers often come late in seeking treatment, because the symptoms caused in the early stages are not specific and similar to other milder diseases. Therefore, let's discuss the initial symptoms of the head and neck tumor area. This is done so that it can be detected early and get treatment as early as possible.
The causes of tumors in the head and neck, especially the ears, nose and throat, include:
- Smoker is heavy.
- Routinely consume alcohol.
- Sun exposure.
- Air exposure mixed with nickel and chromium.
- Tobacco chewing habits.
- Exposure to radiation, especially the head and neck area.
The types of tumors in the ear, nose and throat area are:
1. Nasopharyngeal cancer
From head and neck tumors, 60% are caused by nasopharyngeal cancer. In addition to the causes mentioned above, this cancer also has several specific causes, including:
- Ras mongoloid.
- Consumption of food preserved by fumigation, salting, and nitrosamines.
- Epstein barr virus infection.
- Have a family history of nasopharyngeal cancer.
- Ear ringing, discomfort in the ear, and ear pain. Complaints in the ear are one of the symptoms that appear early.
- Nasal congestion and frequent nosebleeds.
- Double vision and facial pain.
- There is a lump in the neck.
Because the location of the nasopharynx is at the back of the nose, it is often difficult to detect. So if there are complaints on the ear or nose on only one side, it's a good idea to see a doctor.
2. Nasal and sinus tumors
In the nose and sinuses, most tumors are benign. Only 3% are included in the malignant category. Initial symptoms are similar to ordinary airway infections or sinusitis, so it is usually considered mild by the patient. People with chronic sinusitis are at higher risk of suffering from this tumor. They also often ignore the perceived complaints, because they are considered normal.
- The nose feels clogged, foul-smelling snot, nosebleeds, and nose changes shape.
- Impaired vision and eyebrows protrude out.
- The gums and palate are protruding, as well as shaky teeth.
- The face shape changes and the sense of taste is disturbed.
- Headache and visual disturbances.
3. Angiofibroma nasofaring youth
It is a benign tumor of a blood vessel located behind the nose. Although it is benign, this tumor can damage the surrounding bone and bleed easily. The most common occurrence is found in boys aged 10-19 years.
The initial symptoms are congestion in the nose for a long time as well as recurrent nosebleeds and many. Furthermore, symptoms depend on how big and in what direction the tumor is enlarged. When the tumor gets bigger, the face will feel full and the eyes stand out.
Treatment in head and neck tumors depends on the type of tumor, stage and condition of the patient. Therapy consists of chemotherapy, chemoradiation, radiotherapy, and surgery. Early detection of head and neck tumors is very important, because the cure rate is higher in the early stages.