Small bump and itching in the area of mosquito bites arises due to compounds injected by mosquitoes into the bite area. This compound is a type of protein in mosquito mutut which triggers mild allergic reactions, resulting in bumps.
Mosquitoes are indeed an insect that is common in tropical countries, one of which is in Indonesia. Take care of personal hygiene and home to avoid the attack of blood sucking insects. Female mosquitoes determine the target of their prey based on a combination of smell, breath, and compounds in one's sweat. Therefore, it is important to maintain personal hygiene so that it is not subjected to mosquitoes.
Allergy to insect bites can be divided into normal reactions, widespread local reactions, and serious reactions. Normal reactions are characterized by areas of bite marks that are painful, swollen, and reddened. In widespread local reactions, the symptoms of allergic symptoms extends not only to the bite area.
Meanwhile, serious reactions usually require medical help as soon as possible. Signs of a severe allergic reaction include shortness of breath, swollen face and mouth, rapid throbbing heart, dizziness, difficulty swallowing, wheezing, or it can also feel weak.
Severe allergic reactions can indeed be triggered by bites or insect stings, but very rare due to mosquito bites. Mosquito bites generally cause itchy bumps which usually disappear within a few hours. However, it can be up to several days. If you or your child play outdoors and are bitten by mosquitoes, here are some ways to get rid of mosquito bites.
- Immediate treatment
To reduce swelling and itching, you can give a cold or warm compress on parts of the body that are bitten by mosquitoes. Topical medications such as calamine shake powder or anti-inflammatory ointment can also help. Meanwhile, a more serious allergic reaction might require antihistamine pills according to a doctor's prescription.
- Don't scratch
Avoid scratching mosquito bites, especially with roughness. Salt can make the skin hurt and invite infection. If you can not stand to scratch, the following ways can be done to work around it, namely:
- Attach tape to mosquito bites so that you or your child does not scratch the skin directly, especially when sleeping at night.
- Apply honey to mosquito bites to prevent infection, because honey contains antiseptic.
- Apply aloe or aloe vera gel to relieve inflammation. To be more comfortable, use aloe vera that has been cooled.
- Apply alcohol to get rid of itching. If there is no alcohol, a little hand sanitizer can also be used because it usually contains alcohol.
You are also advised to take a shower with cold water without using soap. Apply a solution of water mixed with baking soda can also help relieve itching and swelling due to mosquito bites.
If the method of removing mosquito bites above is still not effective, seek medical attention immediately, especially if you experience a serious reaction that is not allergic. These serious reactions can include nausea or vomiting, fatigue, shortness of breath, fever, severe headaches, confusion, pain throughout the body, and weakening of the muscles on one side of the body due to neurological disorders.
So that Mosquito Bites Don't Marked
Small bump due to mosquito bites can last up to several days, depending on the immune system and the size of the bump. If it feels itchy and is often scratched, it will actually heal longer. After a flat, bumps due to mosquito bites can leave small black marks, especially on sensitive skin types. In order for mosquito bites not to have black marks, apply a cream containing vitamin C, E, or niacinamide on bite marks. In addition, don't forget to use a sunscreen with SPF 30 if we want to leave the house.
A saying goes, It is better to prevent than cure. Likewise with mosquito bites. We need to prevent mosquito bites because mosquitoes can carry serious diseases, such as dengue fever, malaria, meningitis, and encephalitis (brain infection). The key to prevention lies in the habit of maintaining personal hygiene and the environment.
Try to protect yourself from mosquito bites by wearing long sleeves, long pants, and socks. Don't forget to always clean the places where there is water, which allows mosquitoes to breed.