Recognizing facial skin types is very important to help you choose the right product and treatment method. Come on, see the following review.
Like skin in general, the type of facial skin can be divided into several categories, namely normal skin type, oily skin, dry skin, and sensitive facial skin types. Some people also have combination skin types in different areas. This type of facial skin depends on several factors, namely the water content of the skin which will affect skin elasticity, oil content which affects the softness and nutrition of the skin, and the level of sensitivity of the skin to certain substances. Your skin type can change with age or because of the influence of other factors, such as genetic factors and illness.
Get to know the type of facial skin and the right treatment
Normal facial skin
Luckily for you the owner of a normal type of facial skin, because this type of skin tends to have a balance between the amount of water and oil content, so it is not too dry but also not too oily. This type of facial skin usually rarely has skin problems, is not too sensitive, even the pores are almost invisible, and look radiant.
Treatment of normal facial skin types tends to be easier, you simply use facial skin care specifically for normal skin. Use a gentle facial cleansing soap and don't rub your face too rough. You can rinse your face with warm water and then dry it. If you find your skin dries or becomes oily, try a different cleanser.
Dry skin types lack moisture in the outer layer of skin. This results in cracks on the surface of the skin, and will feel dry when touched. The owner of a type of dry skin usually has almost invisible pores, the outer surface of the skin looks rough and dull, and the skin is less elastic. This type of skin is also more easily flushed, itchy, scaly and inflamed. Dry skin can be caused or exacerbated by genetic factors, aging, hormonal changes, cold weather, sunlight, ultraviolet radiation, hot baths too long, or ingredients contained in soap products, cosmetics, cleansers, to medicines.
Treatment of dry facial skin types can include:
- Use a gentle facial cleanser that does not contain alcohol or fragrances.
- Avoid bathing and washing your face with warm water for too long.
- Use the moisturizer every finished washing face.
- Use facial cleanser soap with moisturizing ingredients, such as emollient or colloidal oatmeal.
Oily facial skin
This type of oily facial skin is usually due to the production of sebum from the excess sebaceous glands (oil glands). Sebum is an oil substance derived from fat. While the sebaceous glands are glands that are located under the surface of the skin. Although sebum serves to help protect and moisturize the skin, excess sebum will cause the skin to become greasy, clogged pores and cause acne. The factors that influence the high production of sebum on a person's skin are genetic factors, hormonal changes, or even stress. Oily facial skin types tend to have large pores, look shiny but dull, and are usually accompanied by blackheads, pimples, and black spots.
Treatment of oily facial skin types can be by:
- Diligently wash your face every day, at least twice a day. Avoid facial cleansing products with detergent content, and use a gentle face wash soap containing glycerin.
- Oil paper. Although it does not prevent excess sebum production, this oil paper can help minimize excess oil on the face.
- Clay Cosmetics. This type of cosmetics helps absorb oil in the skin and treat many skin conditions. You can also use clay or clay masks as a treatment.
- Honey masks, lemon-egg masks, aloe masks, tomato masks, almond masks, and jojoba oil can also be treatments for oily facial skin types.
- Avoid unhealthy foods such as fried foods, high-sugar foods, and processed foods.
- When the skin is too oily, reduce the use of make up, especially foundation. Choose water based products instead of oil based. Look for noncomedogenic products that tend not to clog pores.
- If general facial cleansers alone are not enough to reduce oily skin, try products that contain acids, such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or beta-hydroxy acid.
- Use oil-free products and moisturizers.
- If the product sold freely on the market is not enough to help treat oily skin, you are advised to consult a dermatologist. Lasers, chemical peels, and creams mixed with tretinoin, adapalene, or tazarotene can help overcome oily skin.
Sensitive facial skin
This type of sensitive facial skin has a low sensitivity to several things. This type of skin is easy to experience allergies or irritation, and rashes as a reaction to certain factors, such as the environment, plants, food, and even cosmetic products. Sensitive facial skin will easily experience redness, itching, dryness, flaking, and burning when contact with the trigger.
Treatment of sensitive skin can by knowing the triggers that cause allergic reactions or irritation. Use soft facial soap and rinse with warm water. And avoid rubbing the face. Try not to use facial care products that contain alcohol, acids, and fragrances. Try to replace your skin care product with products that contain aloe vera, chamomile, green tea, polyphenols, and wheat.
Combination facial skin
Combination facial skin type is a combination of oily and dry skin. Someone with a combination skin type usually has oily skin concentrated in the T-zone (chin, nose, and forehead), while his cheeks remain dry. This type of facial skin can be influenced by genetic factors and puberty, when the oil glands increase sebum production.
Sometimes a variety of facial skin care products are needed to treat this type of skin. Treatment of the face is also slightly different, for example mild cleansers and moisturizers may be needed on the cheeks, while anti-acne products with benzoyl peroxide may be needed in the T-zone.
Whatever your facial skin type, still use sunscreen for protection from ultraviolet radiation, and avoid direct sun exposure by wearing glasses or a wide-brimmed hat. Avoid smoking and keep your fluid intake every day. And don't forget to diligently wash your face every day and use moisturizer afterwards, especially when going to sleep. Also avoid sleeping with your face still wearing make-up. If you wear make-up, adjust it to your skin type.
If you are still unsure of your facial skin type or the best way to treat your facial skin, consult a dermatologist who can recommend proper skin care.