The need for sleep is equivalent to the importance of human needs for eating and breathing. Sleep deprivation if accustomed to can cause various adverse effects on health. Then, what happens if we lack sleep?
Sleep has an important role for the body. During sleep, the body will improve itself, both physically and mentally, so that we feel refreshed and energized when we wake up, and are ready to go through activities throughout the day. In addition, sleep also helps the process of growth and development, especially in children and adolescents, because during sleep the growth hormone is released.
What Can Happen If You Lack of Sleep
Everyone's sleep needs are not the same. But in general, it takes quality sleep for 7 9 hours every day, so that the above important functions can run optimally. For children and adolescents, sleep needs range from 8 to 10 hours a day.
Unfulfilled sleep needs can cause you to look tired when you wake up, evaporate throughout the day, and difficult to concentrate. The following can also occur if you often lack sleep:
- Suffering from a serious illnessAs many as 9 out of 10 people suffering from insomnia were also suffering from various serious diseases. Insomnia itself is the condition of someone who has difficulty sleeping or having difficulty sleeping well.
One of the serious diseases that can be suffered by insomniacs is heart disease, both in the form of heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias), heart failure, and heart attacks. Know that sleep plays an important role in the body's ability to repair damage to blood vessels and the heart. That is why people who lack sleep are more prone to suffer from heart disease.
Insomnia sufferers are at higher risk of developing diabetes, obesity, stroke, high blood pressure, cancer, and mental health problems such as mood and anxiety disorders.
- Easy to get sick and difficult to recoverThe immune system produces proteins called cytokines. Cytokines are needed to help the body fight infection, inflammation and stress. When we sleep, the body will release cytokines. If we lack sleep, this cytokine production will also decrease.
Sleep deprivation also causes decreased ability of the immune system and cell performance in fighting infections. This of course can have a negative impact on the immune system's strength in fighting infection, and the speed of the natural healing process.
- Decreasing sex performanceMen and women who are sleep deprived are reported to have decreased sexual desire to link and have a lower level of sexual satisfaction. Their desire and interest is reduced by fatigue, drowsiness, and increased stress due to lack of sleep. For men who suffer from sleep apnea, where there are respiratory problems that interfere with sleep, there may be other factors that have an impact on lack of sexual interest, namely testosterone levels. At least, half of men with sleep apnea are reported to have low testosterone levels.
- Lower memorySleep is the time to include things that have been learned and experienced throughout the day into a short-term memory system. During sleep, a nerve connection that supports a person's memory is strengthened. If sleep time is interrupted, automatically the brain's ability to process and store memories will also experience interference. Research also shows that long-term sleep deprivation can lead to a decrease in the brain's ability to think and process information.
Sleep deprivation will cause a person to get sleepy, which is one of the causes of people to easily forget. Drowsiness also causes loss of ability to concentrate. If this continues, don't be surprised if your memory weakens.
- Speed up premature agingWhat will you see on the faces of people who lack sleep? Pale skin and swollen eyes, right? If sleep deprivation persists, the skin will become dull, smooth wrinkles, and a dark circle under the eyes. This occurs due to the increased production of the hormone cortisol in people who lack sleep. Excessive cortisol hormones can destroy collagen, which serves to smooth and maintain skin elasticity. Sleep deprivation also causes reduced production of growth hormone, which plays a role in increasing muscle mass, thickening the skin, and strengthening bones.
In addition to causing various health problems above, lack of sleep is also responsible for the large number of traffic accidents and workplace accidents.
Although it sounds trivial, lack of sleep that is left continuously in the long run, will have a bad impact on health. If you often experience insomnia, you should (consult) consult your doctor to get further examination and appropriate treatment.